For the city of Esslingen, with its historic and densely populated centre, car-free areas and areas with as few cars as possible had always had a priority. In its climate protection strategy, the aim is to provide a high degree of mobility with an integrated traffic plan to avoid private transport as far as possible. One result was the creation of the first-ever pedestrian map to be developed by a German municipality, and the city's cycling network is being further developed with the help of local citizens.
Some 8.5 million people regularly take advantage of the city's public transport, which offers high-quality service and tight schedule coordination with regional and national public transport. A programme is underway to speed bus traffic flow, equipping the routes with the necessary technology and introducing a number of bus lanes in several areas. Low-floor buses with ramps and tilting technology support easy boarding and the gradual addition of tactile cues on the pavement and push buttons at bus stops aid the visually impaired. A great deal of attention has also been paid to the appearance of the bus stops, which reflect the city's red and green colours. Reduced-emission and low-noise trolley buses service the city centre, saving about 633 tons of CO2 each year.